Like all companion animals, dogs are also prone to many diseases. In order to keep dogs disease-free, you must know their disease well first and treat them accordingly with the help of your veterinarian. Some of the common dog diseases are discussed below:
Rabies: Rabies is a very common dog disease caused by a virus that affects the dog’s central nervous system. Rabies is known to be transmitted through saliva. There are various stages observed in dogs. In the first stage the dogs are seen with a change in behavior, in the second stage the dogs become very violent and in the third stage the parts of their body are no longer coordinated with each other. There is no cure so far for this deadly disease.
Inflammation of the intestines: This is a serious dog condition. The dog’s stomach twists, which is due to overeating. The symptoms of Inflammation of the intestines are restlessness and depression combined with retching.
Distemper: It is considered to be the worst dog disease in the world. This leads to a fatal condition in 80% of puppies and up to 50% in adult dogs. Common symptoms of this disease are chest congestion, cough, diarrhea, itchy eyes, runny nose, etc. In later stages, it affects the nervous system of dogs leading to paralysis. It is a highly contagious dog disease. It can be spread from the feces of infected dogs. This dog disease also has no cure.
Parvovirus: It is a very contagious disease that affects the intestinal tract of dogs. It is also said to affect the heart of dogs. Symptoms of this disease are severe diarrhea, depression, decreased appetite. The dog’s stool becomes a different color with blood stains. Symptoms appear within a few hours of infestation and can even kill the dog 2-3 days after infection. Therefore, it is considered as a deadly disease.
Kennel cough: It is very common among dogs. It is a type of respiratory disease. This can be easily treated.
Canine viral hepatitis: This disease affects the liver, kidneys and blood vessels of dogs. Common symptoms are heavy thirst, vomiting, bleeding, loss of appetite, etc. This virus is also spread through dog feces.
Leptospirosis: This disease is caused by bacteria, and even humans are affected by the bacteria. There are several species of bacteria that are found to produce disease in dogs. Common symptoms include lethargy, fever, kidney inflammation, blood clotting and conjunctivitis. In chronic conditions pneumonia, intestinal inflammation and jaundice can occur.
Heartworm: Heartworms are a kind of parasites that multiply and grow, causing infection in the chambers of the heart and the arteries of the lungs. Symptoms may begin with a mild cough, fatigue, and lethargy. If not treated properly it can lead to congestive heart failure.
Retinal Dysplasia: Abnormal development of the retina is the disorder. This is very common in most dog breeds. Minor disorders lead to vision problems and acute forms lead to total blindness in dogs. Cataract can also accompany this disorder.